Labour Day is a public holiday in Poland celebrated on 1 May. On 3 May, in Poland, it’s Constitution Day, and many people take the second of May off too, or even more days, to create a long off period called “Majowka”, meaning “the May holidays”.
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Labour Day was first observed in Poland during the years between World War I and World War II, called “The Second Republic”. It was a favourite marching and demonstration day for leftist and Communist organisations. During its time as a Soviet satellite state, 1 May was a major holiday for the Communist rulers of the country.
After the overthrow of the Communist regime in Poland, Labour Day nonetheless continued to be celebrated, if not with the showy military parades of the past. Most Poles today just enjoy some days off work, get out to breathe in the spring air and scenery, and attend any special events that appeal to them.